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在巨人的肩膀前行 催化R包开发

R的极客理想系列文章,涵盖了R的思想,使用,工具,创新等的一系列要点,以我个人的学习和体验去诠释R的强大。

R语言作为统计学一门语言,一直在小众领域闪耀着光芒。直到大数据的爆发,R语言变成了一门炙手可热的数据分析的利器。随着越来越多的工程背景的人的加入,R语言的社区在迅速扩大成长。现在已不仅仅是统计领域,教育,银行,电商,互联网….都在使用R语言。

要成为有理想的极客,我们不能停留在语法上,要掌握牢固的数学,概率,统计知识,同时还要有创新精神,把R语言发挥到各个领域。让我们一起动起来吧,开始R的极客理想。

关于作者:

  • 张丹(Conan), 程序员Java,R,PHP,Javascript
  • weibo:@Conan_Z
  • blog: http://blog.fens.me
  • email: bsspirit@gmail.com

转载请注明出处:
http://blog.fens.me/r-package-faster/

r-devtools

前言

开发自己的R包sayHello 一文中,我们看到了如何从底层,按照R语言的标准构建一个R语言的扩展包。但实施过程确实复杂,会让很多的统计学工作者望而却步。如果能有一种比较简单方式,简化开发过程,那该多好啊!

我们是幸运的,Hadley Wickham(ggplot2,plyr的作者)已经帮我们梳理出了一套开发流程。站在巨人的肩膀上,看得更高,走得更远。

目录

  1. 开发流程介绍
  2. 编写功能代码
  3. 调试程序
  4. 单元测试
  5. 撰写文档
  6. 程序打包
  7. 程序发布

1. 开发流程介绍

站在巨人的肩膀,开发R包我们有3个武器:devtools, roxygen2, testthat

  • devtools:让开发变得简单,各种开发小工具的合集,非常实用。
  • roxygen2:通过注释的方式,生成文档,远离Latex的烦恼。
  • testthat:单元测试,让R包稳定、健壮,减少升级的痛苦。

标准化的开发流程:

  1. 编写功能代码
  2. 调试程序
  3. 单元测试
  4. 撰写文档
  5. 程序打包

2. 编写功能代码

1). 安装程序包:devtools, roxygen2, testthat


#依赖库
~ sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev
~ sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev

#请使用root权限启动R
~ sudo R

> install.packages("devtools")
> install.packages("roxygen2")
> install.packages("testthat")

> library(devtools)
> library(roxygen2)
> library(testthat)

#查看
> search()
 [1] ".GlobalEnv"        "package:testthat"  "package:roxygen2"
 [4] "package:digest"    "package:stats"     "package:graphics"
 [7] "package:grDevices" "package:utils"     "package:datasets"
[10] "package:methods"   "Autoloads"         "package:base"

构建工程chinaWeather
创建骨架,代替package.skeleton()


> setwd("/home/conan/R")

> create("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather")
Creating package chinaWeather in /home/conan/R
No DESCRIPTION found. Creating default:

Package: chinaWeather
Title:
Description:
Version: 0.1
Authors@R: # getOptions('devtools.desc.author')
Depends: R (>= 3.0.1)
License: # getOptions('devtools.desc.license')
LazyData: true

> setwd("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather")
> dir()
[1] "DESCRIPTION" "man"         "R"

编辑DESCRIPTION文件

~ vi /home/conan/R/chinaWeather/DESCRIPTION
Package: chinaWeather
Type: Package
Title: a visualized package for china Weather
Description: a visualized package for china Weather
Author: Dan Zhang
Maintainer: Dan Zhang
Version: 0.1
Depends: R (>= 3.0.1)
License: GPL-2
LazyData: true
Date: 2013-08-05

增加函数文件chinaWeather.R


~ vi /home/conan/R/chinaWeather/R/chinaWeather.R

#define a filename from current date
filename<-function(date=Sys.time()){
  paste(format(date, "%Y%m%d"),".csv",sep="")
}

3. 调试程序

加载程序包到R中


> load_all("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather")
Loading chinaWeather

> filename
function(date=Sys.time()){
  paste(format(date, "%Y%m%d"),".csv",sep="")
}


> filename()
[1] "20130805.csv"

> day<-as.Date("20110701",format="%Y%m%d")
> filename(day)
[1] "20110701.csv"

4. 单元测试

编写单元测试代码


~ mkdir /home/conan/R/chinaWeather/inst/tests
~ vi /home/conan/R/chinaWeather/inst/tests/test.chinaWeather.R

library(testthat)
context("filename: current of date")

test_that("filename is current of date", {
  daystr<-paste(format(Sys.Date(), "%Y%m%d"),".csv",sep="")
  expect_that(filename(), equals(daystr))

  day<-as.Date("20110701",format="%Y%m%d")
  expect_that(filename(day), equals("20110701.csv"))
})

运行单元测试


#单个文件的单元测试
> source("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather/inst/tests/test.chinaWeather.R")
> test_file("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather/inst/tests/test.chinaWeather.R")
filename: current of date : ..

#对目录下所有文件的单元测试
> test_dir("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather/inst/tests/",reporter = "summary")
filename: current of date : ..

#自动单元测试
> src<-"/home/conan/R/chinaWeather/R/"
> test<-"/home/conan/R/chinaWeather/inst/tests/"
> auto_test(src,test)
filename: current of date : ..

#对package执行测试
> test("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather")
Testing chinaWeather
Loading chinaWeather
filename: current of date : ..

完成单元测试!下面开始撰写文档。

5. 撰写文档

这里撰写文档,使用源代码注释的方式,然后生成latex,再生成doc。比起原始的直接写latex要容易的多。

打开源代码文件:chinaWeather.R


~ vi /home/conan/R/chinaWeather/R/chinaWeather.R

#' Define a filename from current date.
#'
#' @param date input a date type
#' @return character a file name
#' @keywords filename 
#' @export
#' @examples
#' filename()
#' filename(as.Date("20110701",format="%Y%m%d"))
filename<-function(date=Sys.time()){
  paste(format(date, "%Y%m%d"),".csv",sep="")
}

生成latex文档


> library(roxygen2)
Loading required package: digest

> roxygenize("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather")
Updating collate directive in  /home/conan/R/chinaWeather/DESCRIPTION
Updating namespace directives
Writing chinaWeather.Rd
Writing filename.Rd

查看生成的latex文件


~ cat /home/conan/R/chinaWeather/man/filename.Rd

\name{filename}
\alias{filename}
\title{Define a filename from current date.}
\usage{
  filename(date = Sys.time())
}
\arguments{
  \item{date}{input a date type}
}
\value{
  character a file name
}
\description{
  Define a filename from current date.
}
\examples{
filename()
filename(as.Date("20110701",format="\%Y\%m\%d"))
}
\keyword{filename}

6. 程序打包

详细的打包解释,请参考:开发自己的R包sayHello

对上面程序过程,更简化操作可以用如下3条命令


> load_all("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather")
> test("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather")
> document("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather")

程序检查


> check("/home/conan/R/chinaWeather")
Updating chinaWeather documentation
Loading chinaWeather
'/usr/lib/R/bin/R' --vanilla CMD build '/home/conan/R/chinaWeather'  \
  --no-manual --no-resave-data

* checking for file '/home/conan/R/chinaWeather/DESCRIPTION' ... OK
* preparing 'chinaWeather':
* checking DESCRIPTION meta-information ... OK
* checking for LF line-endings in source and make files
* checking for empty or unneeded directories
* building 'chinaWeather_0.1.tar.gz'

'/usr/lib/R/bin/R' --vanilla CMD check  \
  '/tmp/RtmpM5NdJp/chinaWeather_0.1.tar.gz' --timings

* using log directory '/tmp/RtmpM5NdJp/chinaWeather.Rcheck'
* using R version 3.0.1 (2013-05-16)
* using platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)
* using session charset: ASCII
* checking for file 'chinaWeather/DESCRIPTION' ... OK
* checking extension type ... Package
* this is package 'chinaWeather' version '0.1'
* checking package namespace information ... OK
* checking package dependencies ... OK
* checking if this is a source package ... OK
* checking if there is a namespace ... OK
* checking for executable files ... OK
* checking for hidden files and directories ... OK
* checking for portable file names ... OK
* checking for sufficient/correct file permissions ... OK
* checking whether package 'chinaWeather' can be installed ... OK
* checking installed package size ... OK
* checking package directory ... OK
* checking DESCRIPTION meta-information ... OK
* checking top-level files ... OK
* checking for left-over files ... OK
* checking index information ... OK
* checking package subdirectories ... OK
* checking R files for non-ASCII characters ... OK
* checking R files for syntax errors ... OK
* checking whether the package can be loaded ... OK
* checking whether the package can be loaded with stated dependencies ... OK
* checking whether the package can be unloaded cleanly ... OK
* checking whether the namespace can be loaded with stated dependencies ... OK
* checking whether the namespace can be unloaded cleanly ... OK
* checking loading without being on the library search path ... OK
* checking for unstated dependencies in R code ... OK
* checking S3 generic/method consistency ... OK
* checking replacement functions ... OK
* checking foreign function calls ... OK
* checking R code for possible problems ... OK
* checking Rd files ... OK
* checking Rd metadata ... OK
* checking Rd cross-references ... OK
* checking for missing documentation entries ... OK
* checking for code/documentation mismatches ... OK
* checking Rd \usage sections ... OK
* checking Rd contents ... OK
* checking for unstated dependencies in examples ... OK
* checking examples ... OK
* checking PDF version of manual ... OK

Checking chinaWeather with devtools
Checking for any extra files in built .tar.gz file... OK

查检通过.
注:请安装

sudo apt-get install texlive-full

7. 程序发布

我们把写的程序发布到github上面,然后通过devtools,我可以方便的把程序从github下载安装。

在github创建一个新的资源库:chinaWeather
https://github.com/bsspirit/chinaWeather

提交本地代码到github


~ cd /home/conan/R/chinaWeather
~ git init
~ git add .
~ git commit -m 'init commit'
~ git remote add origin https://github.com/bsspirit/chinaWeather
~ git push -u origin master

To https://github.com/bsspirit/chinaWeather
 * [new branch]      master -> master
Branch master set up to track remote branch master from origin.

通过devtools下载,并安装代码。
现在我的chinaWeather包,已经在github上面发布了,如果其他的同学想使用可以下面命令安装。


> library(devtools)
> install_github("chinaWeather","bsspirit")
Installing github repo(s) chinaWeather/master from bsspirit
Downloading chinaWeather.zip from https://github.com/bsspirit/chinaWeather/archive/master.zip
Installing package from /tmp/RtmpSaXYcA/chinaWeather.zip
Installing chinaWeather
'/usr/lib/R/bin/R' --vanilla CMD INSTALL  \
  '/tmp/RtmpSaXYcA/chinaWeather-master'  \
  --library='/home/conan/R/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-library/3.0'  \
  --with-keep.source --install-tests

* installing *source* package 'chinaWeather' ...
** R
** inst
** preparing package for lazy loading
** help
*** installing help indices
** building package indices
** testing if installed package can be loaded
* DONE (chinaWeather)

#测试包
> library(chinaWeather)
> filename()
[1] "20130805.csv"

#查看文档
> ?filename
filename             package:chinaWeather              R Documentation
Define a filename from current date.
Description:
     Define a filename from current date.
Usage:
       filename(date = Sys.time())
Arguments:
    date: input a date type
Value:
     character a file name
Examples:
     filename()
     filename(as.Date("20110701",format="%Y%m%d"))

我们完成了,开发R包的全部流程。依赖于devtools, roxygen2, testthat三个包,真是事半功倍,比起完全手动操作提高效率了很多!!

希望更多的朋友,可以站在巨人的肩膀前行,创造让人惊叹的成果来!!

转载请注明出处:
http://blog.fens.me/r-package-faster/

打赏作者

开发自己的R包sayHello

R的极客理想系列文章,涵盖了R的思想,使用,工具,创新等的一系列要点,以我个人的学习和体验去诠释R的强大。

R语言作为统计学一门语言,一直在小众领域闪耀着光芒。直到大数据的爆发,R语言变成了一门炙手可热的数据分析的利器。随着越来越多的工程背景的人的加入,R语言的社区在迅速扩大成长。现在已不仅仅是统计领域,教育,银行,电商,互联网….都在使用R语言。

要成为有理想的极客,我们不能停留在语法上,要掌握牢固的数学,概率,统计知识,同时还要有创新精神,把R语言发挥到各个领域。让我们一起动起来吧,开始R的极客理想。

关于作者:

  • 张丹(Conan), 程序员Java,R,PHP,Javascript
  • weibo:@Conan_Z
  • blog: http://blog.fens.me
  • email: bsspirit@gmail.com

转载请注明出处:
http://blog.fens.me/r-build-package/

r-package

前言
R是一个世界范围开发者共同协作的产物,至2013年2月共计近5000个包可在互联网上自由下载。现在作为R的使用者,有朝一日也可以成为R的开发者,把我们自己的知识做成R包分享给世界。

今天我们简单介绍如何开发自己R包。

目录

  1. 系统环境
  2. vi中制作R包
  3. RStudio中制作R包

1. 系统环境

操作系统:Linux Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS 64bit
R语言版本:R 3.0.1


~ uname -a
Linux conan-deskop 3.5.0-23-generic #35~precise1-Ubuntu SMP Fri Jan 25 17:13:26 UTC 2013 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

~ cat /etc/issue
Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS \n \l

~ R --version
R version 3.0.1 (2013-05-16) -- "Good Sport"
Copyright (C) 2013 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing
Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)

R is free software and comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
You are welcome to redistribute it under the terms of the
GNU General Public License versions 2 or 3.
For more information about these matters see
http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

2. vi中制作R包

创建目录:/home/conan/R/demo


~ mkdir /home/conan/R/demo
~ cd /home/conan/R/demo

新建R脚本sayHello.R


~ vi sayHello.R
sayHello<-function(name){
    print(paste("Hello",name))
}

自定义一个sayHello的函数,将作为自定义包的第一个函数。

启动R程序


~ R

#清空变量设置工作目录
rm(list=ls())
setwd("/home/conan/R/demo")

#通过sayHello的脚本生成开发包的骨架
package.skeleton(name="sayHello",code_files="/home/conan/R/demo/sayHello.R")
Creating directories ...
Creating DESCRIPTION ...
Creating NAMESPACE ...
Creating Read-and-delete-me ...
Copying code files ...
Making help files ...
Done.
Further steps are described in './sayHello/Read-and-delete-me'.

#退出R的客户端
q()

在当前目录生成sayHello目录


~ ls -l
drwxrwxr-x 4 conan conan 4096  8月  1 15:07 sayHello
-rw-rw-r-- 1 conan conan   59  8月  1 15:04 sayHello.R

~ ls -l sayHello
-rw-rw-r-- 1 conan conan  281  8月  1 15:07 DESCRIPTION
drwxrwxr-x 2 conan conan 4096  8月  1 15:07 man
-rw-rw-r-- 1 conan conan   31  8月  1 15:07 NAMESPACE
drwxrwxr-x 2 conan conan 4096  8月  1 15:07 R
-rw-rw-r-- 1 conan conan  420  8月  1 15:07 Read-and-delete-me

~ ls -l sayHello/man
-rw-rw-r-- 1 conan conan 1043  8月  1 15:07 sayHello-package.Rd
-rw-rw-r-- 1 conan conan 1278  8月  1 15:07 sayHello.Rd

~ ls -l sayHello/R
-rw-rw-r-- 1 conan conan 59  8月  1 15:07 sayHello.R

文件及目录解释:

  • DESCRIPTION文件: 包描述文件
  • NAMESPACE文件: 包的命名空间文件
  • Read-and-delete-me文件: 说明文件,可以删除
  • man目录: 存放函数的说明文件的目录
  • R目录:存放源文件的目录
  • man/sayHello.Rd: sayHello函数的说明文件,latex语法,用来生成PDF文档
  • man/sayHello-package.Rd: sayHello包的说明文件,可以删除

编辑DESCRIPTION文件:

~ vi sayHello/DESCRIPTION
Package: sayHello
Type: Package
Title: R package demo for sayHello
LazyLoad: yes
Author: Dan Zhang
Maintainer: Dan Zhang
Description: This package provides a package demo
License: GPL
Version: 1.0
Date: 2013-07-31
Depends: R (>= 3.0.1)

编辑NAMESPACE文件:

~ vi sayHello/NAMESPACE
exportPattern("^[[:alpha:]]+")

编辑sayHello.Rd文件:

~ vi sayHello/man/sayHello.Rd
\name{sayHello}
\alias{sayHello}
\title{a sayHello function demo}
\description{
a sayHello function demo
}
\usage{
sayHello(name)
}
\arguments{
  \item{name}{a word}
}
\details{
nothing
}
\value{
no return
}
\references{
nothing
}
\author{
Dan Zhang
}
\note{
nothing
}
\seealso{
nothing
}
\examples{
sayHello("world")
}
\keyword{ sayHello }

删除文件:


~ rm sayHello/Read-and-delete-me
~ rm sayHello/man/sayHello-package.Rd

打包sayHello


~ R CMD build sayHello
* checking for file ‘sayHello/DESCRIPTION’ ... OK
* preparing ‘sayHello’:
* checking DESCRIPTION meta-information ... OK
* checking for LF line-endings in source and make files
* checking for empty or unneeded directories
* building ‘sayHello_1.0.tar.gz’

~ ls -l
drwxrwxr-x 4 conan conan 4096  8月  1 15:22 sayHello
-rw-r--r-- 1 conan conan  663  8月  1 15:24 sayHello_1.0.tar.gz
-rw-rw-r-- 1 conan conan   59  8月  1 15:04 sayHello.R

本地安装sayHello


~ R CMD INSTALL sayHello_1.0.tar.gz
* installing to library ‘/home/conan/R/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-library/3.0’
* installing *source* package ‘sayHello’ ...
** R
** preparing package for lazy loading
** help
*** installing help indices
** building package indices
** testing if installed package can be loaded
* DONE (sayHello)

~ ls /home/conan/R/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-library/3.0
bitops  digest  manipulate  rstudio  sayHello  XML

sayHello包,已经在当前账号下进行安装

使用sayHello函数


~ R

library(sayHello)
sayHello("Conan")
[1] "Hello Conan"

#查看sayHello文档
?sayHello

sayHello               package:sayHello                R Documentation

a sayHello function demo

Description:
     a sayHello function demo
Usage:
     sayHello(name)
Arguments:
    name: a word
Details:
     nothing
Value:
     no return
Note:
     nothing
Author(s):
     Dan Zhang
References:
     nothing

我们包已经成功制作完成!并在本地进行安装和使用!!

检查R包
如果要提交R包和CRAN,必须要执行check检查。如果有任何的error和warning都将不被通过。

退出R的客户端,回到命令行

先安装latex的依赖包(500mb+)


~ sudo apt-get install texlive
~ sudo apt-get install texlive-xetex
~ sudo apt-get install texlive-latex-base
~ sudo apt-get install texlive-fonts-extra 
~ sudo apt-get install texlive-latex-recommended
~ sudo apt-get install texlive-fonts-recommended

执行check


~ R CMD check sayHello_1.0.tar.gz

* using log directory ‘/home/conan/R/demo/sayHello.Rcheck’
* using R version 3.0.1 (2013-05-16)
* using platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)
* using session charset: UTF-8
* checking for file ‘sayHello/DESCRIPTION’ ... OK
* checking extension type ... Package
* this is package ‘sayHello’ version ‘1.0’
* checking package namespace information ... OK
* checking package dependencies ... OK
* checking if this is a source package ... OK
* checking if there is a namespace ... OK
* checking for executable files ... OK
* checking for hidden files and directories ... OK
* checking for portable file names ... OK
* checking for sufficient/correct file permissions ... OK
* checking whether package ‘sayHello’ can be installed ... OK
* checking installed package size ... OK
* checking package directory ... OK
* checking DESCRIPTION meta-information ... OK
* checking top-level files ... OK
* checking for left-over files ... OK
* checking index information ... OK
* checking package subdirectories ... OK
* checking R files for non-ASCII characters ... OK
* checking R files for syntax errors ... OK
* checking whether the package can be loaded ... OK
* checking whether the package can be loaded with stated dependencies ... OK
* checking whether the package can be unloaded cleanly ... OK
* checking whether the namespace can be loaded with stated dependencies ... OK
* checking whether the namespace can be unloaded cleanly ... OK
* checking loading without being on the library search path ... OK
* checking for unstated dependencies in R code ... OK
* checking S3 generic/method consistency ... OK
* checking replacement functions ... OK
* checking foreign function calls ... OK
* checking R code for possible problems ... OK
* checking Rd files ... OK
* checking Rd metadata ... OK
* checking Rd cross-references ... OK
* checking for missing documentation entries ... OK
* checking for code/documentation mismatches ... OK
* checking Rd \usage sections ... OK
* checking Rd contents ... OK
* checking for unstated dependencies in examples ... OK
* checking examples ... OK
* checking PDF version of manual ... WARNING
LaTeX errors when creating PDF version.
This typically indicates Rd problems.
* checking PDF version of manual without hyperrefs or index ... OK

WARNING: There was 1 warning.
See
  ‘/home/conan/R/demo/sayHello.Rcheck/00check.log’
for details.

发现有一个警告,checking PDF version of manual ... WARNING。是latex生成pdf错误。

查检警告的debug日志


~ R CMD Rd2pdf sayHello_1.0.tar.gz
Converting Rd files to LaTeX ...
  sayHello_1.0.tar.gz
Warning in readLines(f) :
  incomplete final line found on 'sayHello_1.0.tar.gz'
Warning in parse_Rd("sayHello_1.0.tar.gz", encoding = "unknown", fragment = FALSE,  :
  sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:16: unexpected '}'
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:1: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:2: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:3: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:4: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:5: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:6: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:7: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:8: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:9: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:10: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:11: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:12: All text must be in a section
Warning: sayHello_1.0.tar.gz:15: All text must be in a section
Error : sayHello_1.0.tar.gz: Sections \title, and \name must exist and be unique in Rd files

求助:
Error : sayHello_1.0.tar.gz: Sections \title, and \name must exist and be unique in Rd files
这个问题我检查了好多次始终没有解决。请求帮助!!

问题解决:安装完整包

sudo apt-get install texlive-full

上传R包
当解决了上面的WARN就可以上传了。。。(待续)

卸载R包


remove.packages("sayHello")
Removing package from ‘/home/conan/R/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-library/3.0’

~ ls /home/conan/R/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-library/3.0
bitops  digest  manipulate  rstudio  XML

3. RStudio中制作R包

RStudio Server的安装及配置,请参考:多人在线协作R开发RStudio Server

RStudio已经为我们准备了一个有界面的环境,方便我们制作R包。

  1. 创建一个工程sayHello
  2. 编辑DESCRIPTION
  3. 创建sayHello.R的脚本
  4. 编辑sayHello.Rd的文档

1). 创建一个工程sayHello
project1

project2

2). 编辑rstudio/sayHello/DESCRIPTION

Package: sayHello
Type: Package
Title: R package demo for sayHell
LazyLoad: yes
Author: Dan Zhang
Maintainer: Dan Zhang
Description: This package provides a package demo
License: GPL
Version: 1.0
Date: 2013-07-31
Depends: R (>= 3.0.1)

3). 编辑rstudio/sayHello/R/sayHello.R的脚本

sayHello<-function(name){
  print(paste("Hi",name))
}

4). 编辑rstudio/sayHello/man/sayHello.Rd的文档

\name{sayHello}
\alias{sayHello}
\title{a sayHello function demo}
\description{
a sayHello function demo
}
\usage{
sayHello(name)
}
\arguments{
  \item{name}{a word}
}
\details{
nothing
}
\value{
no return
}
\references{
nothing
}
\author{
Dan Zhang
}
\note{
nothing
}
\seealso{
nothing
}
\examples{
sayHello("world")
}
\keyword{ sayHello }

5). 执行build和reload
project3

project4

6). 执行check
project5

在RStudio中可以更方便的进行R的开包,打包,检查等的过程。RStudio就是R的神器!

虽然还没有发布自己的R包,不过很快了!!有此想法已经多时了!!每一天加油!

转载请注明出处:
http://blog.fens.me/r-build-package/

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